Migrant Facilities in Hungary

In Hungary, there are different types of facilities accommodating migrants according to their status. These centres are managed and operated by different authorities of the Hungarian state.

Migrants who claim asylum in Hungary are accommodated in one of the two transit zones and are detained there for the duration of their procedure. The transit zone in Tompa mainly accommodates families from Syria, Iraq and Arab-speaking countries and single men of various nationalities. The facility in Röszke typically hosts families from Afghanistan, Iran and some African countries as well as unaccompanied children.

The reception centre in Vámosszabadi operated by the Office of Immigration and Asylum (OIA) hosts beneficiaries of international protection. This is an open facility: migrants can leave the centre during the day, but a curfew time shall be observed. Under the current legislation, people accommodated in the Vámosszabadi centre are not entitled to state-provided pocket money, only to meals, and are allowed to stay in the facility for a maximum of 30 days.

Repeat asylum seekers or Dublin returnees are transferred into a closed asylum detention centre operated by the OIA. There are two facilities of this kind in Hungary as shown in the map below.

The fourth type of migrant facility is managed and operated by the Hungarian Police. These institutions accommodate migrants who enter Hungarian territory in an irregular manner and do not claim asylum. Moreover, if a person overstays in Hungary and has no identification documents, he/she is also transferred into an alien policing detention centre. These facilities are closed and a migrant can be kept there up to two years according to latest changes in the asylum law.

The last type of facility is the child protection centre. There is currently only one of these centres, managed by the Guardianship Office of Hungary in Fót. It is open, and accommodates unaccompanied minors apprehended in Hungary, but is meant to close down by summer 2018.


Sources:
migration.iom.int
Trafficking in Persons Report 2017
The World Factbook
The World FactbookThe World DataBank – World Development Indicators
UNDP Human Development Reports
UN International Migrant Stock: The 2013 revision
UNSD Demographic Statistics
www.police.hu
United Nations Multilingual Terminology Database
World Development Indicators
World Bank staff calculation
United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs
Trends in International Migrant Stock: The 2013 Revision
UNAIDS Report on the Global AIDS Epidemic 2013
Interior Ministry of Hungary 
Maps by Matthew Chwastyk and Ryan Williams, National Geographic
Seeming Project The Economist: More vacancies than visitors, Sept 19th 2015  ​
USDS 2017 Trafficking in Persons report
Hungarian Central Statistical Office
​World Bank - Migration and Remittances Factbook 2016
Eurostat - Asylum quarterly report
European Commission
Asylum Information Database (AIDA)