Labour Migration

In 2017, 42% of foreigners who resided in Hungary came for the purpose of work, making labour the most popular entitlement of residence. Labour migration of Hungarian citizens has increased, and as a result, Hungary is gradually becoming a country in need of foreign workers in certain economic sectors. According to Manpower Group, more than 50% of Hungarian firms have significant difficulties filling jobs, especially in the field of information technology and health care. The country also has a serious demand for manual labour workers. The Hungarian Migration Strategy, adopted in October 2013, also emphasizes that although it is important to ensure the protection of the national labour market, receiving additional migrant labour is a necessity. Attracting knowledge-based migration has been set as a goal, but there is no developing tendency of highly qualified third-country nationals applying for the EU Blue Card as a possible way to gain residence permit in an EU country.

In 2016 and 2017, the Government of Hungary has repeatedly stated the country’s need for skilled labour, targeting Ukraine as a particular country of origin. Several reports confirm that Hungary is going through a major labour shortage.

 


Sources:
migration.iom.int
Trafficking in Persons Report 2017
The World Factbook
The World FactbookThe World DataBank – World Development Indicators
UNDP Human Development Reports
UN International Migrant Stock: The 2013 revision
UNSD Demographic Statistics
www.police.hu
United Nations Multilingual Terminology Database
World Development Indicators
World Bank staff calculation
United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs
Trends in International Migrant Stock: The 2013 Revision
UNAIDS Report on the Global AIDS Epidemic 2013
Interior Ministry of Hungary 
Maps by Matthew Chwastyk and Ryan Williams, National Geographic
Seeming Project The Economist: More vacancies than visitors, Sept 19th 2015  ​
USDS 2017 Trafficking in Persons report
Hungarian Central Statistical Office
​World Bank - Migration and Remittances Factbook 2016
Eurostat - Asylum quarterly report
European Commission
Asylum Information Database (AIDA)